That discovery was announced in May by Dr. Conard. They said the bone flute with five finger holes, found at Hohle Fels Cave in the hills west of Ulm, was “by far the most complete of the musical instruments so far recovered from the caves” in a region where pieces of other flutes have been turning up in recent years. Artifacts found in the cave represent some of the earliest examples of prehistoric art and musical instruments ever discovered. The earliest solid evidence of musical instruments previously came from France and Austria, but dated much more recently than 30,000 years ago. Scientists said the data agreed on ages of at least 35,000 years. “We’ll see how it goes,” he said by e-mail. One never finds what one is looking for, but one normally finds something interesting.”. [1][2], In 2006, the Hohle Fels Flute was discovered in the Hohle Fels cave in Germany's Swabian Alb. From radiocarbon dating of this and other artifacts, it has long been thought that the flute was the earliest form of musical instrument created by our distant ancestors. [8][9][10], "A Middle Palaeolithic origin of music? During the Upper Paleolithic in Europe, woolly mammoths provided shelter in … Hohle Fels is a cave site that was formed in the White Jurassic Period and is located in the Ach valley near Schelklingen. The German archaeologists suggested that music in the Stone Age “could have contributed to the maintenance of larger social networks, and thereby perhaps have helped facilitate the demographic and territorial expansion of modern humans.”. Ancient flutes are not something new. Music and sculpture as artistic expression have developed simultaneously among the first humans in Europe, as the region is considered a key area in which various cultural innovations have developed. The 2008 excavations at Hohle Fels also recovered two small frag- Archived. The Flute of Hohle fels: The discovery of a bone flute and two fragments of ivory flutes are said to represent the earliest known flowering of music-making in Stone Age culture. Construction Material. Ancient music Music Music archaeology Paleolithic flutes Archaeoacoustics. They were excavated in the caves of the Ach and Lone valley on the southern rim of the Swabian Alb. … The preserved portion of flute 1 from Hohle Fels has a length of 21.8 cm and a diameter of about 8mm. The small sculpture was carved from mammoth ivory and depicts a woman. Hohle Fels Flutes. The flutes were found in the Caves with the oldest Ice Age art, where also the oldest known examples of figurative art were discovered. This is a flute from the Middle Ages. The Hohle Fels (German pronunciation: [ˈhoːləˈfɛls]) (also Hohlefels, Hohler Fels, German for "hollow rock") is a cave in the Swabian Jura of Germany that has yielded a number of important archaeological finds dating from the Upper Paleolithic. This bird-bone flute unearthed in the Hohle Fels cave was carved some 35,000 years ago and is the oldest handcrafted musical instrument yet discovered, archaeologists say (2). What is thought to be the earliest example of a Western flute was discovered in 2008 at Hohle Fels cave near Ulm, Germany. "Hohler Fels" is also the name of another cave situated near Happurg, Bavaria. The flutes, made of bone and ivory, represent the earliest known musical instruments and provide unmistakable evidence of In an article published online by the journal Nature, Nicholas J. Conard of the University of Tübingen, in Germany, and colleagues wrote, “These finds demonstrate the presence of a well-established musical tradition at the time when modern humans colonized Europe.”. Was this evidence of happy hours after the hunt? The surfaces of the flute … The Hohle Fels flute was found next to the Venus of Hohle Fels and a short distance from the oldest known human carving. It opens slowly with Venus: bass flute, and capturing the mood of someone advancing into the unknown, the music of a 50s sci-fi movie in deep space before it goes all dramatic; the Venus of Hohle Fels, dated to about 35,000 to 40,000 years ago, is the earliest undisputed example of expressly human figurative art. It is a wooden one-piece flute that is two feet long. Archaeologists Wednesday reported the discovery last fall of a bone flute and two fragments of ivory flutes that they said represented the earliest known flowering of music-making in Stone Age culture. “I never have expectations. [4][5][6], The artifact known as the Divje Babe flute, discovered in Slovenia in 1995, has been claimed as the oldest flute, though this has been disputed. Scientists say that this bone flute, found at Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany, is at least 35,000 years old. The Swabian Jura is an area in Germany where ivory figurines and debris from their production have been identified in numbers from the Upper Paleolithic levels. A replica has yet to be made of the recent discovery, but the archaeologists said they expected the five-hole flute with its larger diameter to “provide a comparable, or perhaps greater, range of notes and musical possibilities.”, This week, Dr. Conard began a new season of exploration at Hohle Fels Cave. Composition for 2 flutes and 2 clarinets by Lee Weisert. 2 years ago. It is by far the most complete instrument that has been discovered up to this point in the caves of Swabia. The instrument, made of a vulture bone and having five finger holes, is thought to be at least 33,000 years old. The preserved portion of the bone flute from Hohle Fels has a length of 21.8 cm and a diameter of about 8 mm. “The tones are quite harmonic,” he said. The Renaissance flutes. Although radiocarbon dates earlier than 30,000 years ago can be imprecise, samples from the bones and associated material were tested independently by two laboratories, in England and Germany, using different methods.
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