Fifth disease symptoms are generally mild for healthy children and adults and usually go away with time, without creating any complication. This viral illness is called fifth disease because doctors identified it as the fifth classic childhood illness that causes a rash. Fifth disease is a mild illness that occurs most commonly in children. It is so called because it was the fifth fever and rash illness identified (along with chickenpox, measles, etc.). It still resurfaces at times and its unbearable when it does. Another name for this disease is known as slapped cheek disease, and this is because of its appearance on the cheeks. Discover 10 common fifth disease symptoms at 10FAQ Health and stay better informed to make healthy living decisions. PHIL Photo ID# 4508 Left side of this boy’s face displaying signs of erythema infectiosum, or fifth disease. Erythema infectiosum and slapped cheek syndrome are other names for fifth disease. Parvovirus B19 is a common childhood viral illness. If your child (or you) has been unwell with what you think is the flu and later develops bright red cheeks, fifth disease may be the cause. Two symptoms- burnt nerves- itchy hands and feet that fall asleep forever, and arthritic joints- inflamed joints that swell with red, hot skin all over the body. People who have had parvovirus B19 are usually immune to it for life. Advertisement. Children tend to display cold like symptoms and the rash. Fifth disease (human parvovirus B19) is a common illness in children. It is more likely that adults will suffer headaches, joint pain and fever whilst suffering from fifth disease. Adults who get it might also have joint pain and swelling. The Facts. The virus also causes conditions involving hematological, neurological, and rheumatological disorders. Teenagers and adults may present with a self-limited arthritis. The rash may also spread to other areas of the body. Adults who get it might also have joint pain and swelling. This disease is characterized by the rash formation on cheeks and arms and even on legs for children and adults. Fifth disease is also scientifically known as Erythema infectiosum which is commonly found in children between the age group of 5 to 15 years. Next Advertisement. 4.8 (95.06%) 77 votes . Fifth disease or erythema infectiosum is the result of a possible manifestation of an infection by parvovirus B19 (a type of erythrovirus most commonly known for causing diseases in the pediatric population but can also affect adults). Fifth disease, also called erythema infectiosum, is a viral infection caused by human parvovirus B19.It occurs most commonly in children with up to 70% of all cases occurring in children 5 to 15 years old. The other four include measles/mumps, rubella, roseola, and chicken pox.About 20 percent of young patients do not display any symptoms of fifth disease… About 50 per cent of all adults have been infected sometime during childhood or adolescence. This infection occurs primarily during winter and spring, most commonly in children between 5-14 years of age. For many years, fifth disease was viewed as an unimportant rash illness of children. Fifth Disease Pictures. It is caused by parvovirus B19. Grownups have the tendency to have a more severe flu-like illness, however rarely develop the rash. health Advertisement. Called fifth disease because it was historically the fifth childhood infectious rash to be named, this viral infection occurs worldwide but is more common in temperate climates. The joint pain usually clears up in a few weeks. It is caused by a human parvovirus (B19). Melanie. Adults can likewise end up being infected with the infection and develop fifth disease. Adults are less likely to get the slapped-cheek appearance. Symptoms usually show up 4 to 14 days after a child is exposed to the disease. The face a few weeks is much more common in children, adults, male, female… fifth spreads... 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