Kelp may help revert this Climate change is affecting the oceans, increasing acidification . Firstly, because of their large standing biomass, high production rates and global distribution, kelp forests represent a significant proportion of the total organic carbon budget worldwide. Before Alaska’s fur trade began in the mid 1700s, otter populations and kelp forests flourished. Kelp forest can be seen in along the west coast of the North America. We will be exploring how the synchronous growth or loss of kelp affects these animals. Watch and enjoy! Share this: Facebook 902 Twitter Reddit 1 LinkedIn Pinterest Sign up for more! Tiered like a terrestrial rainforest with a canopy and several layers below, the kelp forests of the eastern Pacific coast are dominated by two canopy-forming, brown macroalgae species, giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) and bull kelp (Nereocystis leutkeana). These kelp is the most beautiful and astonishing kelp among all. 2. by Fermin Koop. Sea urchins consume kelp and can destroy kelp forests in no time if left unchecked. These biomes are characterized by the abundance of Creepvines, and possesses a distinct greenish hue in the water. For starters, throw away trash and recycling. Kelp forests are typically found in temperate and sub-polar regions with good water clarity and abundant nutrients, with only one tropical kelp forest being known from the coast of Ecuador. Diving Into Oregon’s Kelp Forests 6 Common Core for Math, Literacy, and Social Science Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for multiple subjects can easily be incorporated into a kelp forest unit, even if your emphasis is on science. But the otter has its own threats to deal with as killer whales and humans hunt otters for food and pelt. A towering seaweed, it provides food and shelter for otters, invertebrates and over 100 fish species. Pollution could be from factories or cars, to even our daily lives. 4. Now that you know how vital a sea otters’ role in the ecosystem is and why they’re threatened we want to let you in on 12 simple steps that will help to maintain and hopefully increase sea otter populations. Name human activities that can harm a kelp forest ecosystem. Along the California coast, the giant kelp is the main algae found in this layer. The kelp forests off the southern California coast are known to be some of the most diverse and productive ecosystems in the world. They normally can be found in the shallow open coastal waters with less than 20°C in temperature. These forests—which in the case of the giant kelp species that grows in Tasmania, can reach heights of 130 feet—also provide habitat for hundreds of marine species. However, urchins are regulated by their primary predator, sea otters. And, even if you live far from the Pacific Ocean, that matters to you because kelp forests are one of the ocean’s great carbon sinks; they help mitigate the effects of climate change. Some areas are even experiencing a growth in kelp forests, including the west coast of Vancouver Island, where an increasing population of urchin-hunting sea otters has reduced the impacts of the spiny grazers, allowing kelp to flourish. Earth and human activity Patterns Cause and effect Systems & system models Energy and Matter Structure and Function Stability and Change . It can live for many years, growing up to 18 inches in a day and forming forests over 150 feet tall. There are two main ways in which kelp forests may help mitigate climate change impacts. Kelp harvesting is also another concern. How Kelp & Seaweed Can Help Save The World. Scientist claim that up to 40 percent of these deaths are results of human pollution. Kelp forests comprise one the ocean’s most diverse ecosystems. Giant kelp forests are foundational to ocean ecology and biodiversity, providing food, habitat and shelter for many fish, marine mammals and other sea life. Kelp forests are home to hundreds of species of fish and shellfish, which may be stabilized or destabilized by changes in kelp synchrony. Give examples of producers, consumers (herbivores and carnivores) and scavengers in a kelp forest. Is seaweed farming the future? Kelp forests grow predominantly on the Pacific Coast, from Alaska and Canada to the waters of Baja California. Recent research, however, suggests that in addition to creating beautiful habitats, macroalgae such as kelp play a large role reducing the effects of global warming. Among the fronds in the kelp canopy live bryozoans, hydroids, mysids, amphipods, isopods, crabs, snails, nudibranchs, and juvenile fish of all sorts. Hey Teachers! 40% of the world’s land is used for agriculture. Hungry kelp-eating urchins can quickly convert a kelp forest into an urchin barren stripped of kelp. The iconic plants that can shoot more than 100 feet from the ocean floor are nearly synonymous with sea otters, who wrap themselves in giant kelp to keep from floating away as they sleep. In southern California, they can grow around 30 cm per day. ... never realized how important kelp was huh?) Trees can help with climate change and CO2 emissions but we would need about 150 Brazilian rain forests to offset current global emissions. One of the places kelp forests can be found is long the coast of California in Channel Islands National Park. Kelp can grow thirty times faster than trees. Otters are crucial in keeping kelp forests healthy and thriving. That might sound easy, but it is not. 1. Kelp grows in "underwater forests" (kelp forests) in shallow oceans, and is thought to have appeared in the Miocene, 5 to 23 million years ago. Reduce, reuse, and recycle whenever you can. Tweet; Our Mission. A more powerful biological offset would be to use kelp forests. 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