Cyclone Aila has reported claimed the lives of three in West Bengal. [15], Bijli developed as a depression in the first fortnight of April. Kethi recorded 1171 mm of rainfall in 72 hours, making Phyan the 5th wettest cyclone in India [29], On December 10, RSMC New Delhi announced that Depression BOB 05 had formed, about 400 km east-southeast of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka. During last year’s Cyclone Bulbul, the city escaped any major damage. Two MI-17 helicopters were also sent to air-drop food supplies to the worst affected areas in West Bengal. About 2,500 troops were deployed to West Bengal on May 26, 2009. [23][24] Later that day the IMD reported that the depression had intensified further and had become a Deep Depression, whilst the JTWC designated the depression as a Cyclone 03B, with winds equivalent to a tropical storm. Cyclonic Storm Laila was the first cyclonic storm to affect southeastern India in May since the 1990 Andhra Pradesh cyclone.The first tropical cyclone of the annual season, Laila developed on May 17 in the Bay of Bengal from a persistent area of convection.Strengthening as it tracked northwestward, it became a severe cyclonic storm on May 19. Following Cyclone Aila, a block of Sundarban area, West Bengal, India, reported an increased number of diarrhoea cases at the end of May 2009. Multispectral imagery showed that the disturbance had a developing low level circulation center with convection flaring over it and was in an area of low vertical wind shear. On average, 4 to 6 storms form in this basin every season. [16] The disturbance at this time had a broad and poorly organised area of deep convection, which was located to the southeast of the low level circulation center which had consolidated into a single circulation during the previous 12 hours. The team visited the two most affected blocks of North and South Parganas namely Higalganj and Gosaba extensively. [35], State Government in co-operation with the central counterparts took up the rescue and the rehabilitation program. [8] Around 1500 UTC, the RSMC New Delhi upgraded the system to a cyclonic storm and gave it the name Bijli. Early on June 25 at 0900 UTC, the remnants of Depression ARB 01 emerged into the Arabian Sea, and intensified into Depression ARB 02. Cyclone Aila devastates Sundarbans . Over 5.1 million people have been affected in 16 districts of West Bengal. [1] During May 22, 2009, the disturbance developed further with a Tropical Cyclone a Cyclonic storm and had been named as Aila whilst located about 350 kilometres (220 mi) to the southeast of Sagar Island. High winds uprooted numerous trees, blocking roads throughout the region. [25][26] Approximately 9.3 million people were affected by the cyclone, of which 1 million were rendered homeless. Warned by both the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RMSC) and Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), Aila formed over a disturbance over the Bay of Bengal on May 23, 2009 and started to intensify and organize reaching sustained wind speeds of 110 kmh (70 mph). Tourists were advised to stay in their hotels due to the short amount of time to prepare for the storm. One person drowned in Digha after being swept away by high waters. Chandwad in Maharashtra recorded 240 mm of rainfall in 48 hours between 11 and 12 November. Even at the peak of its rampage through West Bengal, Aila’s wind speeds rose up to 120 km/hour, well short of the ferocity unleashed by the Wednesday’s cyclone. Aila recently became the first cyclone of the 2009 cyclone season in the North Indian Ocean just before making landfall in far eastern India in the northern Bay of Bengal. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which … [29], More than 400,000 people were reportedly isolated by severe flooding in coastal regions of Bangladesh. [1][2] The disturbance at this time had a broad and poorly organized area of deep convection, which was located to the southeast of the low level circulation center which had consolidated into a single circulation during the previous 12 hours. In Dacope Upazila alone, more than 50,000 people were left homeless. Severe cyclone ‘Aila’ hit the coastal parts of West Bengal, particularly in South 24-Parganas and North 24-Parganasat around 14.00 hours on 25th May 2009, with wind speed ranging between 120 to 130 kmph and it continued its devastating journey northwards affecting the districts of North 24-Pargnas, Purba Medinipur, Kolkata, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan, Birbhum, Uttar Dinajpur, Dakshin Dinajpur and … Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. 'Even before the Left could come to terms with the disastrous results of the Lok Sabha election, Cyclone Aila wreaked havoc in West Bengal… [24] Across 11 of the nation's 64 districts, approximately 600,000 thatched homes, 8,800 km (5,500 mi) of roads, 1,000 km (620 mi) of embankments, and 123,000 hectares (300,000 acres) of land were damaged or destroyed. At least 350,000 people affected by Aila. Convection had been gradually organizing itself over the last 12 hours, and was in an area of low to moderate vertical wind shear. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical or a wave or low. Like its parent system, it was mostly monitored through synoptic and satellite analysis. Army was deployed to the affected areas. This study was performed to identify the agent and source of the outbreak as well as to propose control measures. On 25 th of May 2009, a devastating cyclone named Aila struck the coastal areas of West Bengal, an eastern state of India. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [13] Late on April 17, RSMC New Delhi reported that Depression ex-Bijli had made landfall near Chittagong, Bangladesh and had rapidly become an area of low pressure over Bangladesh. On the island of Nizum Dwip, nearly all structures were severely damaged or destroyed, leaving roughly 20,000 people homeless. [6], In the Bhola District of Bangladesh, an estimated 500,000 people evacuated to higher areas and shelters as Aila neared landfall. [25][26] However the JTWC's first warning was also their final warning as the cyclone had made landfall near Digha in West Bengal and was expected to dissipate later that day. [6] Early the next morning the JTWC reported that the depression had intensified into a tropical storm and designated it as Cyclone 01B. Singlabazar recorded 320 mm of rainfall in 48 hours between 26 and 27 May.[14]. RSMC New Delhi then reported later that morning that Depression ARB 01 had formed and was expected to intensify into a Deep Depression before making landfall, however the depression did not intensify any further before making landfall on the south Gujarat coast near Diu. Cyclone Aila has been described as a benchmark of Bangladesh's success in implementation of effective disaster management system. Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-05-21 18z", "Tropical Storm Aila Advisory 1 24-05-09 12z", "Severe Cyclonic Storm, AILA: A Preliminary Report", "2 killed in India as cyclone Aila approaches", "Cyclone slams Bangladesh and India, 33 dead", "West Bengal: Cyclone toll rises to 45, rescue ops begin", "21 killed, over a lakh hit as cyclone Aila strikes", "17 killed as cyclonic storm hits Kolkata", "UPDATE 4-Cyclone slams Bangladesh and India, 33 dead", "Cyclone Aila lashes eastern India, Bangladesh", "18 killed as cyclone Aila hits West Bengal coast", "22 killed in Darjeeling landslides after cyclone", "Millions displaced by cyclone in India, Bangladesh", "Coastal Orissa badly hit by cyclonic storm", "Cyclone Aila brings monsoon to North-East", "Cyclone Aila losses in Bangladesh estimated at 269 mln USD", "Bangladesh: Cyclone Aila recovery slower than Sidr", "Bangladesh: Hundreds of thousands still homeless three months after cyclone Aila", "Bangladesh: In pictures: One year on from Cyclone Aila", "Cyclone Amphan: Bangladesh may face losses worth Tk12,744cr", "Death toll rises to 91 in cyclone-hit Bangladesh", "Cyclone Aila swallows Sunderbans tigers", "Fears for rare tigers after SAsia cyclone", "Centre rushes 2500 troops for relief work in cyclon hit WB", "Cyclone Aila kills nearly 120 in Bangladesh, India", "Cyclone Aila Lashes Eastern India, Bangladesh", "Centre sends National Disaster Response Force", "Cyclone Aila toll rises to 87 in West Bengal", "Cyclone leaves 81 people killed, 2.6 mln affected in Bangladesh", "Cyclone kills 91 in Bangladesh, rescue operation continues", "Diarrhoea outbreak after Bangladesh cyclone", "A Study on Cyclone Aila Recovery in Koyra, Bangladesh: Evaluating the Inclusiveness of Recovery with Respect to Pre–disaster Vulnerability Reduction", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cyclone_Aila&oldid=999496665, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2015, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 13:49. The storm moved northward, weakened, and maintained its intensity as a well marked low pressure area over Kutch and neighbouring areas at 0000 UTC on 26 June 2009. Cyclone Aila, West Bengal, India (May 2009) Within two hours of Cyclone Aila hitting the Sunderbans, Art of Living volunteers from West Bengal reached the affected areas. It is moving in a northerly direction and will weaken gradually, Regional Meteorological Centre Director G C Debnath, said. The aftermath of devastating cyclone Aila that ravaged large parts of the West Bengal delta May 25 could cause lasting ecological damage to the Sundarbans, the world`s largest mangrove forest, experts fear. Mangrol in Gujarat recorded 130 mm of rainfall on 27 June. [12] Early on April 17, RSMC New Delhi reported that Bijli had weakened to a deep depression as it moved northwest. There was no information from the coastal Cyclone Aila Women struggle with their umbrellas against a strong wind and rain in Kolkata after the cyclone hit the state districts, where extensive damage was feared, IAN reported. Army was deployed to the affected areas. Timeline of the 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons, Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons, "IMD Cyclone Warning Services: Tropical Cyclones", "Tropical Weather Outlook for the Northern Indian Ocean", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean", "Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the Indian Ocean", "Depression over southeast & adjoining central Bay of Bengal", "Tropical Cyclone 01B (One) Advisory Nr. Weak banding features also formed around the periphery of the storm. The Deputy Commissioner of Satkhira district allocated ten tonnes of rice and Tk.100,000 (US$1,450) in immediate relief funds for that district. [7] Later that morning RSMC New Delhi reported that the depression had intensified into a deep depression and reported it was expected to intensify into Cyclonic Storm Bijli. Cyclone Aila spawned from a deep depression in the Bay of Bengal to hit West Bengal on Monday leaving twenty three persons dead. On April 13, an area of shower and thunderstorms became slightly organized over the central Bay of Bengal. By April 14, deep convection persisted around the center of circulation; following the development the RSMC in New Delhi, India designated the system as Depression BOB 01. The Food and Disaster Management Ministry said Cyclone Aila had killed 113 people in Bangladesh, and a government official in West Bengal state … The Cyclone crossed the West Bengal coast close to the east of Sagar Island between 0800 & 0900 UTC as a severe cyclonic storm on 25 May. Dozens of the tigers are feared to have drowned in Aila's storm surge along with deer and crocodiles. [41] These amounts further increased to Tk. [17][18] Officials in the region warned residents about the likelihood of severe flooding from the depression. Climate induced displacement:case study of cyclone Aila in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh. “The Met department on 24 May’2009 could not give us the right forecast about Cyclone Aila that lashed north and south Bengal on 25 May’2009. Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila (JTWC designation: 02B) was the second named tropical cyclone of the 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season. Cyclone Amphan batters West Bengal, Odisha . [26][27] However the IMD kept issuing advisories on the deep depression until early on September 7, when the IMD reported that it had weakened into a depression and then into a well marked low pressure area later that day when they stopped issuing advisories on the depression whilst it was located over Jharkhand and adjoining region of Chhattisgarh. Several homes were damaged in the area and power was cut due to fallen trees and power lines. Wed 27 May 2009 04.01 EDT First published on Wed 27 May 2009 04.01 EDT. ... West Bengal… Keywords: Destructive landslides, cyclone Aila, reckless construction, community outlets, frequent digging, physical changes in slope character. [22] Several streets were flooded and some homes were reported to have standing water. Additionally the forest remains under an estimated 2.4 m (7.9 ft) of water. [12] At least 18 of the 45 fatalities in West Bengal were in Kolkata, the region where Aila made landfall. [1] Environmental analysis indicated that the system was in an area of favorable conditions to develop with low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures. It hovered over Gujarat as a well marked area of low pressure before moving towards the northeast and re-emerging into the Arabian Sea where it redeveloped into a depression. The outbreak is described by time, place and person. Health officials in Bangladesh confirmed a deadly outbreak of diarrhea on 29 May, with more than 7,000 people being infected and four dying. Also read: Very severe cyclonic storm — Cyclone Amphan passes West Bengal-Bangladesh coasts at 155-165 Kmph [14] That night, the JTWC issued their final advisory on Tropical Cyclone 01B as it rapidly weakened over Bangladesh and Myanmar. Binika in Orissa received 220 mm rainfall on 21 July. The storm was responsible for at least 339 deaths across Bangladesh and India; more than 1 million people were left homeless. However, later on June 26, Depression ARB 02 dissipated completely. Later that day the JTWC designated the system as Cyclone 04A. 26 May 2009 Geneva, 26 May 2009 - Cyclone Aila hit parts of coastal Bangladesh and eastern India on Monday 26 May, triggering tidal surges and flooding that have left millions of … Rainfall amounts peaked at 213.4 mm (8.40 in) and winds reached 60 km/h (37 mph). Port officials stated that more than 500 fishermen had gone missing since the storm made landfall. KOLKATA: Three people were killed here on Monday as cyclone Aila crossed the coast into West Bengal. [28] Berhampur received 210 mm of rainfall on 6 September. In Chandpur, two pontoons sank while docked in port. Following further development, the Joint Typhoon Warnin… Later, RSMC New Delhi downgraded the deep depression to a depression. The outbreak is described by time, place and person. 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